Have you noticed that the amount of important files present on your PC equipped with Windows 10 has increased exponentially, so you are looking for a solution that can keep them safe, perhaps on a disk or even in the cloud, so as not to lose them in the event of unexpected events or breakage of your devices. It seems clear to me that you need a backup and, luckily for you, Windows 10 offers many solutions to this effect, both included "standard" and released by third parties as separate downloads.
How do you say? You can't wait to find out come fare backup PC Windows 10 to get to work immediately? I am happy to inform you that this is the guide for you: below, in fact, I will show you the simplest and most effective methods to secure your computer data and restore them in case of need: all without paying a single euro .
In particular, I will let you know the various types of backups that can be created and then I will show you both a solution included by default in Windows 10 (which therefore does not require the download of additional software), and some useful external program that can help you achieve your goal with minimal effort. Having said that, now I just have to wish you good reading and good backup!
Types of Backups
Before catapulting into the world of backup, it is good that you learn some simple concepts on what are the types of storage that various software can exploit. Do not think that, with each backup, all the files are diligently copied back to the chosen device, because this is not the case: there are programs that, using each of the techniques that I will show you shortly, can speed up and optimize the data copy operation, as well which decrease the size of the resulting backup file. Curious to know how? Read carefully the differences between the various backup techniques that I am about to explain and you will find out.
- Full backup - as the name suggests, it is a complete copy of the files and folders on the chosen device, as they are and without any exclusion. It is a type of backup that is simple to manage, but very time consuming to create.
- Incremental backup - in this type of backup only the files created and modified since the last backup performed are stored, leaving the others unchanged. Consequently, before making an incremental backup, you need to create a full one. This is a solution that generates small files but requires the latest full backup and all previous incremental backups to restore.
- Synthetic full backup - it is identical to the incremental backup, but "incorporates" its files into the full backup from which it originates. It is practical and safe, but takes longer to create (due to the merge operation).
- Differential backup - very similar to incremental backup, it stores files and folders created since the last full backup, leaving everything else intact. Consequently, you need to create at least one full backup before creating a differential backup. This type of solution is a little more important, in terms of space, than the incremental backup, but simpler when it comes to restoring: to do it, you need the last full backup and only the last differential backup.
So, in summary, each of the methods listed has its strengths and weaknesses: it's up to you to choose the one that best suits your needs and, based on this, the most useful program for your purposes. For further clarifications and all the explanations of the case, I refer you to my guide dedicated to backups.
Create Backups with File History
Windows 10 includes a very valuable tool for saving data: it is File History, which is very simple to use. This operating system feature allows you to create type backups incremental and, if necessary, to execute them completely automatically.
To back up with File History, click the button Start that you find at the bottom left (the one with the Windows flag icon), then on the icon (I.e. present in the left sidebar and, in the window that appears, select the items Update and security e Backup.
At this point, click on the button + placed next to the writing Add a unit, select theunit rescue (the disk or external device on which to backup) and that's it: completely automatically, Windows will create an incremental backup of the most important folders on the system at regular intervals (Matches Saved, Connections, Download, Bookmarks, Contacts, OneDrive, desktop, Searches, Images, Documents, Roll, Video, Saved images e Music) on the chosen unit.
If you want to change the backup settings, click on the item Other options. From the screen that opens, you can then view the current backup size, immediately perform a backup, decide how often to automatically save data, how long to keep old backups, add or remove save folders or change the drive to save data.
Also, by clicking on Restores files from a current backup, you can quickly restore your data by following the on-screen instructions.
In case of second thoughts, to disable the creation of the automatic Windows backup, simply move the appropriate lever up Disabled.
Create Backup with EaseUS All Backup
EaseUS Todo Backup is one of the best programs to backup your computer. It supports the copying of single files and folders, entire drives or partitions and full system backup, with the possibility of restoring backups to computers other than the original one.
The software is compatible with all versions of Windows 10 (and with previous editions of the Microsoft operating system) and is available in various versions: EaseUS Todo Backup Free, which offers the ability to backup and restore files / disks / partitions / system for free; EaseUS Todo Backup Home (starting from 27 euros), which also offers the functions for transferring the system to different PCs, having email notifications, pre / post commands, offsite copies, file exclusion, backup / restore of emails from Outlook and backup schedule based on events, e EaseUS All Backup Workstation (starting from 36 euros) which, on the other hand, has all the features of EaseUS Todo Backup Home plus command line support. It can also be used in a business environment. There are also versions of EaseUS Todo Backup intended for business areas: to learn more, consult this page of the EaseUS website.
That said, to download EaseUS Todo Backup on your computer, connected to the official website of the program and click on the button Scarica free, if you want to download the Free version of the software, or on the button Free trial, if you want to download the trial version of EaseUS Todo Backup Home. If you want to proceed directly with the purchase of the full version of the application, click on the button instead Buy it now. If necessary, provide yours email address and first click on the download button (eg. Try All Backup Free) and then on the voice Download.
A download complete, apri il file .exe obtained and, in the window that opens, click the button first Yes and then OK, forward e Accept, Then forward three more consecutive times (uncheck the box Join the anonymous statistics collection program use program, if you do not want to send anonymous usage statistics) e Close, in order to complete the setup and start the application.
Now, to back up your entire system, boot EaseUS Todo Backup and click on the button System backup which is located in the center of the program window (if you do not see it, click on the ☰ button located at the top left and select the item System backup from the menu that opens).
Then select the item relating to the system to be copied (eg. Microsoft Windows 10), click on your button Shop by Department related to the field Destination (if you want to indicate a destination other than the default) and add one Description for backup, using the appropriate text field.
At this point, if you wish, click on the button Backup options (bottom left), and adjust the backup settings by acting on the left sidebar and on the controls in the window that opens on the desktop: you can set the level of compression of partition the backup files; choose the cryptography to apply; the performance (i.e. the priority of the process on CPU and network); receiving notification email, the files to exclude and much more. When you're done, click the button first Save and then Proceed, to save the settings and start the backup.
If you want to make your backup recurring, also click on the item Planning (bottom left) and, through the window that is proposed to you, set the automatic repetitions you want for the operation (eg. Daily, Weekly, Monthly is In base a evento).
If, on the other hand, you want to create a custom backup, click on the ☰ button at the top left of the main window of EaseUS Todo Backup and choose the option of your interest from the menu that appears on the side: Disk / partition backup, to copy a disk or partition; Backup file, to copy single files; Backup Email, to backup Outlook emails; Quick Backup, to select custom items to copy; Clone, to clone disks or partitions to other disks or partitions; Clone system, to clone the system to other disks / partitions, or Means, to access various tools available in EaseUS Todo Backup (eg. Verify Image, Create startup disk, Clear Data, ISCSI initiator, Activate PreOS, Mount / Dismount, Logs o Update Disc).
Therefore, select the drive or files / folders of origin; the paths or units of destinazione, adjust the backup settings and start the latter as I explained earlier: it's all very intuitive. In any case, if you want, you can find more details on how EaseUS Todo Backup works on the program's official website.
Creare Backup Con Macrium Reflect Free
Macrium Reflect Free it is certainly one of the best backup software available in the free environment on Windows 10. It allows Cloning disks and partitions by creating them images to be used, if necessary, on external devices). Now I will show you in detail how to use it, but I must warn you that the program is only available in English. Are there any problems for you in this regard? Well, then let's proceed.
To start, connected to the Macrium Reflect Free website, click on the button Home Use and wait for the program download to finish. When the download is complete, start the executable you just downloaded, select the item Free give menu to tendin Choose Edition, put (if not already there) the check mark next to the box Run installre directly after downloading and click on the button first Download and then Yes.
At this point, pigia sul pulsating Yes and then Next, tick the box I accept the terms in the License Agreement and click to anchor your Next. Then check the box Home (o Commercial, if you will use the program in your company), click on the button Next.; check the box No, click the button twice again Next, then on install and Finish; finally, choose whether to restart the computer immediately by clicking on Yes or do it later by clicking on No (which I recommend you do if you have documents to save).
Once the computer has restarted, start the program using the icon on the desktop (or in the Start menu), grant it administrative permissions by clicking on Yes and presses the button Do not remind me (you only have to do it the first time). To start the backup procedure, set the check mark on all the disks (or partitions) you want to backup, click on the item Image this disk… and, if you want to save the image on a disk or an external / network device, press the button ... and select the path. To burn the backup, instead, check the box CD / DVD Burner and choose your burner from the drop-down menu. Once you have completed the most appropriate settings, press the button Next.
In the next window, you can choose the creation mode of your backup based on the type and time intervals in which to save the data. Your options are different.
- none - you can set manually, using the button Add Schedule that you find immediately below, the type of backup to create and the preset time intervals. You can choose between full backup (full), differential (differential) and incremental (incremental), and set the timers in the window that appears immediately after.
- Grandfather. Father. Son (Grandfather - Father - Son) - are created incremental backups daily, backup weekly differentials e full backups monthly.
- Differential Backup Set - a full backup, "Updated" by daily differential backups.
- Incremental Backup Set - provides for the periodic creation of a full backup, followed by incremental backups daily. It is only available in the PRO version.
- Incrementals forever - acts with the approach of synthetic full backup: to the first and only full backup, incremental backups are merged once the preset number is reached. Again, availability is limited to the PRO version.
Once you have chosen the type of backup to create, you can set the period in which to keep the “old” backups using the boxes and drop-down menus at the bottom. If you don't want to use the timer but create a single backup, set the drop down menu 1 su none, leave the section blank 2 and leave the section unchanged 3. Once the settings are complete, click the button Next.
Take a quick look at the summary of the chosen settings and, to start the data copy process immediately, click on the button Finish. Next, set up a name for backup in the appropriate drop-down menu (set one that can remind you how to create the backup), click on the button OK, wait for the procedure to complete, then press again on OK and Close. You can access the procedures created by clicking on the tab Backup Definition Files (right) and, from there, modify or delete them.
The restoration of the images created is very simple: once the program is open, click on the tab Restore (found at the top left), then on the icon Browse for an image or backup file to restore and select the image you want to restore, then select the item Restore Image and follow the on-screen instructions (a reboot in WinPE environment may be required, if it is system partitions).
Alternatively, if you need to access one or more files contained in the backup, click from the section Restore icon Open an image or backup file in Windows Explorer, set the check mark next to the image that contains the file (or files) you are interested in and click on OK- The files and folders contained in the backup will be opened in Windows Explorer. When you are done, click on Detach a backup image from Windows Explorer, set the check mark on the image to "disconnect" and press the button Detach.
Create Backups with EaseUS All Backup Free
Another very valid solution to create, manage and restore backups on Windows 10 for free is EaseUS Todo Backup Free. To download it on your PC, connected to its official web page, wait for the download to complete and start the file you just downloaded. In the window that opens, click on the buttons Yup, OK, Come on, I agree e forward, remove the check mark from the box Take the Customer Experience Improvement Program survey, presses the button twice again forward and then end.
Now, to start the program, click on the button Later and analyze the screen that is proposed to you, which is a sort of "control center" on the backup possibilities you have available.
If you want to create a backup of the entire disk or the entire partition, click on the button Disk / partition backup, put the check mark on the partition (or partitions) you want to backup and select the path to save everything by clicking on?.
At this point, if you want to create only one backup, click on the button Proceed. Alternatively, you can schedule the creation of backups, customize how they are saved (also setting an FTP space on which to upload it if necessary) or define how often old backups must be deleted using the buttons, respectively. Planning, Backup options e Image backup slaughter.
To restore a previously created backup, click on the item File selection for restore that you find on the main program screen or, if you need to access one or more files contained in the backup (without restoring it completely), click on the buttons Tools, Mount / Disassemble and follow the very simple on-screen instructions to proceed.
As you have surely noticed, the EaseUS Todo Backup Free interface is extremely intuitive and also includes other features that I am going to briefly illustrate below.
- System backup - creates an image of the entire operating system, to be restored in case of problems (or if the recovery of Windows 10 stops working). The image can be mounted and "explored".
- Quick backup - allows, with a very quick procedure, to copy one or more files and folders to a disk or an external device, with the possibility of updating them automatically.
- Clone - allows you to clone entire disks or partitions. This is very useful in case the main disk is about to fail. The clone thus created cannot be "explored".
- Clone system - provides for the cloning of everything concerning the operating system (drivers, settings, etc.), with the possibility of restoring it in case of disaster. Also in this case, the clone cannot be “explored” but only restored.
- Create startup disk - through this feature it is possible to create a bootable device from which to start the PC and possibly restore the clones of disks or operating systems.
- Means - this button allows you to access additional functions, for example the already seen ability to browse images, activation of the startup environment WinPE, the zeroing of data (secure deletion) of disks and partitions and management of settings iSCSIif necessary.
To be free, the range of features offered by this program is truly remarkable and, thanks to its interface and the presence of the Italian language, everything is made even easier.
If you have come this far it means that you have learned the most well-known and efficient methods and programs for fare backup PC Windows 10 but, if among the solutions I have shown you have not yet been able to find what is right for you, I suggest you take a look at my guide to backup programs: I bet you will find what you are looking for!
Articolo realizzato in collaboration with EaseUS.